Touch of Income toward Well-being Status in a Smart State

Zainal Azhar Zainal Azim, Nor Azilah Husin, Amirul Syafiq Mohd Ghazali, Astri Yulia, Tengku Shahrom Tengku Shahdan, Fahmi Ngah


In 2005, Selangor state had been declared as a developed state and currently turning into smart state. Hence, Selangor stated its focus on creating new business ventures and opportunities through variety of sectors and industries such as big data analysis and industrial 4.0 revolutionary. To support all of these development processes, residences well-being factor is one of the factors to be focused on. This study is conducted to determine the differences between level of income and the status well-being among the residences. Using 1200 residences as a sample using stratified sampling technique, the result indicated that there is a significant difference between the four levels of income on environmental factor and economical factor. The indication of four levels of income is <RM 1000 per month, between RM 1001 and RM 5000, RM 5001 and RM 10,000, and more than RM 10,001. The result is obtained using analysis of variance (ANOVA). This indicates that respondents from a higher income level could afford a more conducive living environment and these individuals would choose to live with neighbors that are of highly educated. However, they are also satisfied with the authority’s effort in helping the poor. On the economic side of the findings, respondents from higher income level are more financially sound compared to those from the lower income level. This finding might give other dimension for the administrators to advance their strategies in creating full-fledged of smart state in future undertaking.

Aus. & NewZe J. Soci Busi. Env. Sus. Vol 6(1), April 2020, P 1-6



Well-being; Income Level; Environment; Economic; Smart State

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