FACTORS BEHIND HUMANITARIAN INTERVENTION FAILURES IN SOMALIA AND RWANDA: AN ANALYSIS

Mohammad Tarek Bin Rashid

Abstract


Humanitarian interventions and the protection of civilians are crucial factors for establishing peace. Intervention failures in Somalia and Rwanda in the 1990s are still being studied for formulating sound humanitarian intervention policies through avoiding unwanted outcomes. The concerned actors are inquisitive about the factors responsible for the fiascos of the interventions in Somalia and Rwanda to save thousands of innocent lives. This study has tried to examine the factors causing the failures of the interventions in Somalia and Rwanda by analyzing their overall consequences. After recognizing and critically evaluating the inherent causes, this study has found out that the lack of compelling national interests of the great powers, the incompatibility of the United Nations’ (UN) role, inappropriate doctrine for the operations, and lack of resources as well as the complexities of the on-ground situation were the major factors regarding the intervention failures in Somalia and Rwanda. The failing in Rwanda led to the realization of the international community regarding the responsibility for the protection of civilians which resulted in the advent of the “Responsibility to Protect (R2P)” in 2005. Finally, it can be said that to deal with the complexities of the 21st century, the UN and other international organizations should be revamped to make the humanitarian interventions and peace operations more fruitful.

Aus. & NewZe J. Soci Busi. Env. Sus. Vol 6(1), April 2020, P 44-51


Keywords


Humanitarian Intervention; Protection of Civilians; Somalia; Rwanda; Genocide; Peace Operations; United Nations

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