Toward an Integrated Approach to Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation Addressing Food Security: Bangladesh Perspective

Sohana Shabnam, Md. Ridhwanul Haq, Hishamuddin Omar

Abstract


Food insecurity is directly interconnected with disasters and climate changes. Floods, cyclones, heat waves, droughts, and other catastrophes can lead to spoilt food, destruction of agriculture, livestock and fishing, food processing infrastructure, diminution in income and properties, inputs and overall production capacity. To combat the threat of increased disasters from climate change, like many other countries, Bangladesh Government is already taking steps to lessen the vulnerability to weather and climatic hazards that place a direct impact on country’s economy. However, adaptation to changing climate condition is relatively a new concept but it can be benefitted from the experiences for decades of practices to reduce disaster risks. Several ministries and related agencies are currently in charge to address climate change impacts in Bangladesh. The Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF), Ministry of Food and Disaster Management (MoFDM), and Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) are playing the key national roles in relation to address climate change, agricultural development, and food security. This paper presents the institutional challenges, needs and opportunities to integrate disaster risk management and climate change adaptation in Bangladesh. Theoretical concepts with structural arrangements, policy development process and funding organization of the MoFDM, MoEF, and MoA have analyzed to understand the challenges for effective integration.

Aus. & NewZe J. Soci Busi. Env. Sus. Vol 4(1), April 2018, P 23-34


Keywords


Bangladesh; Climate Change; Disaster Management; Disaster Risk Reduction; Food Security; Compatible Development

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